This post return monitoring snapshot presents selected findings of data collected from Somali refugee returnees interviewed in Somalia over the past 24 months. This data set is based on interviews with 1,148 returnee households across different return locations in Somalia.
Contextualizing the findings
• The survey was only carried out with Somali refugees who received support from UNHCR to return.
In the future it is the plan to also expand the survey to spontaneous returnees, in order to allow for comparison of responses.
• The majority of the respondents were returnees from Kenya. Although returnees from Yemen and other countries generally settle in the same areas, there could be differences in responses based on displacement history. Future post return monitoring should shed light on this.
• The responses reveal few significant variations in responses across different locations and across cohorts of returnees. In other words, respondents tend to respond similarly regardless of whether they returned six months or two years ago, and regardless of where in Somalia they have settled.
• Approximately 63% of the respondents were female, 37% male. 92% were the head of household.
The average number of children in each respondent household was ~4(3.7).
High level of satisfaction with decision to return
The vast majority of returnees surveyed i.e. 93% indicated that they were overall satisfied with their decision to return. The two main reasons given by those satisfied with their return (accounting for approximately 70% of respondents) was happiness to be reunited with their family and the ability to return to their area of origin. Of the ones who were not satisfied with the decision to return, the two reasons most frequently cited were limited livelihoods opportunities (28%) and lack of assistance and support from authorities (18%).
While challenges to reintegration certainly exist, the findings suggest that factors such as family, community and a sense of belonging often outweigh more practical considerations