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LankaWeb – UNHRC Resolutions on Sri Lanka: How countries have voted

<p>Sri Lanka suffered 30 years of terrorism by LTTE banned 32 countries even 10 years after Sri Lanka eliminated LTTE militarily. Sri Lanka saw nothing beyond diplomatic statements condemning ‘alleged LTTE attacks’ by the so-called international community for every suicide,...

Jan 3rd 2020 · 9 min read

UNHRC Resolutions on Sri Lanka: How countries have votedPosted on January 3rd, 2020

Sri Lanka suffered 30 years of

terrorism by LTTE banned 32 countries even 10 years after Sri Lanka eliminated

LTTE militarily. Sri Lanka saw nothing beyond diplomatic statements condemning ‘alleged

LTTE attacks’ by the so-called international community for every suicide,

bombing, assassination and mayhem caused by LTTE. However, it was only

post-LTTE defeat that the international community began demanding answers for

civilians killed, how the defeat of LTTE was conducted etc… when LTTE was

killing unarmed civilians in villages, towns on passenger buses, trains etc

there were no resolutions on Sri Lanka. This is indeed strange. In May 2009 Sri

Lanka had a favorable resolution which ended up in 3 successive anti-SL

Resolutions but a series of procedural fallacies and illegalities need to be

highlighted in the manner UNHRC and former UNSG have conducted affairs on Sri

Lanka.  

In 2009 immediately after the

conflict ended, Germany called for accountability from Sri Lanka. 3 million

Germans died after war ended (2m were women and children 1m were prisoners of

war) – British historian Giles MacDonogh in ‘After the Reich: The Brutal

History of the Allied Occupation”. However, Sri Lanka managed to counter

support and produce a Resolution favorable to Sri Lanka with 29 countries

supporting Sri Lanka, 12 countries voting against the pro-Sri Lanka resolution

and 6 countries abstaining.

2009 voting in favor of Sri Lanka (29 countries)

Angola, Azerbaijan,

Bahrain, Bangladesh, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Brazil, Burkina Faso,

Cameroon, China, Cuba, Djibouti, Egypt, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Jordan,

Madagascar, Malaysia, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Pakistan, Philippines, Qatar, Russian

Federation, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, South Africa, Uruguay, Zambia;

2009 voting against Sri Lanka (12 countries)

Bosnia and Herzegovina,

Canada, Chile, France, Germany, Italy, Mexico, Netherlands, Slovakia, Slovenia,

Switzerland, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland;

2009 abstaining from voting (6 countries)

Argentina, Gabon, Japan,

Mauritius, Republic of Korea, Ukraine.

Since 2012 – Sri Lanka has seen 3 successive Resolutions against

Sri Lanka leading to an investigation by the UNHRC on Sri Lanka (OISL)

2012 voting for Anti Sri Lanka Resolution (24 countries)

Austria, Belgium, Benin,

Cameroon, Chile, Costa Rica, Czech Republic, Guatemala, Hungary, India, Italy,

Libya, Mauritius, Mexico, Nigeria, Norway, Peru, Poland, Republic of Moldova,

Romania, Spain, Switzerland, United States of America, Uruguay

2012 voting against Anti Sri Lanka Resolution (15 countries)

Bangladesh, China, Congo,

Cuba, Ecuador, Indonesia, Kuwait, Maldives, Mauritania, Philippines, Qatar,

Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia, Thailand, Uganda

2012 Abstaining from voting for Anti Sri Lanka Resolution (8

countries)

Angola, Botswana, Burkina

Faso, Djibouti, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan, Malaysia, Senegal

2013 voting for Anti Sri Lanka Resolution (24 countries)

Argentina, Austria, Benin,

Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany,

Guatemala, India, Ireland, Italy, Libya, Montenegro, Peru, Poland, Republic of

Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Sierra Leone, Spain, Switzerland, United

States of America

2013 voting against Anti Sri Lanka Resolution (13 countries)

Congo, Ecuador, Indonesia,

Kuwait, Maldives, Mauritania, Pakistan, Philippines, Qatar, Thailand, Uganda,

United Arab Emirates, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

2013 Abstaining from voting for Anti Sri Lanka Resolution (8

countries)

Angola, Botswana, Burkina

Faso, Ethiopia, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Malaysia]

2014 voting for Anti Sri Lanka Resolution (23 countries)

Argentina, Austria, Benin,

Botswana, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Czech Republic, Estonia,

France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Mexico, Montenegro, Peru, Republic of Korea, Romania,

Sierra Leone, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, United Kingdom of

Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America

2014 voting against Anti Sri Lanka Resolution (12 countries)

Algeria, China, Congo,

Cuba, Kenya, Maldives, Pakistan, Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia, United Arab

Emirates, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), Viet Nam

2014 Abstaining from voting for Anti Sri Lanka Resolution (12

countries)

Burkina Faso, Ethiopia,

Gabon, India, Indonesia, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Morocco, Namibia,

Philippines, South Africa

(Ironically 2014 vote places the against and abstain number more

than the countries voting in favor of it – how did UNHRC pass this Resolution?)

Our Appreciations to countries

China RussiaCubaVietnamThailandBangladeshMaldivesPakistanAzerbaijanMadagascarNicaraguaVenezuelaBoliviaEgyptAlgeriaBahrainQatarSaudi ArabiaUAEMauritianaEcuadorGhanaCongoUgandaZambiaWhy did Cameroon that voted in favor of Sri Lanka in 2009 vote against

Sri Lanka in 2012?

Why

did Indonesia & Philippines who voted in favor of Sri Lanka in 2009, 2012,

2013 abstain in 2014?

Why did Senegal that voted favorably for Sri Lanka in 2009 abstain in

2012?

Why

did Malaysia & Angola who voted favorably for Sri Lanka in 2009 abstain

from voting in 2012 & 2013?

Why did South Africa who voted favorably for Sri Lanka in 2009 abstain

from voting in 2014?

Why

did Burkina Faso who voted favorably for Sri Lanka in 2009 abstain from voting

in 2012, 2013, 2014?

Why

did Djibouti & Jordan that voted favorably for Sri Lanka in 2009 abstain

from voting in 2012?

Kenya abstained from voting in 2013 but voted against the 2014

Resolution.

Pattern in voting

US drafted the 2012, 2013, 2014

Resolutions against Sri Lanka

Italy & Chile have voted against Sri Lanka in all 4 Resolutions

(2009, 2012, 2013, 2014)

Mexico & Switzerland have voted against Sri Lanka in 2009,

2012, 2013,

Germany has voted against Sri Lanka in 2009, 2013, 2014

France & UK has voted against Sri Lanka in 2009, 2014

Bosnia, Canada, Netherlands, Slovakia, Slovenia voted against Sri

Lanka in 2009

Austria, Benin, Costa Rica, Czech Republic, Peru, Romania, US voted

against Sri Lanka in 2012, 2013, 2014

Why did Chile, Libya, Poland, Moldova & Spain vote against Sri Lanka in

2012 & 2013?

Why did Belgium, Guatemala, Hungary, Norway vote against Sri Lanka in 2012?

Why

did India that voted in favor of Sri Lanka in 2009, vote against Sri Lanka in

2012 & 2013 but abstain from voting in 2014?

Why did Kuwait who voted against Sri Lanka in 2012, 2013 abstain from

voting in 2014?

Why did Mauritius that abstained from voting in 2009 vote against Sri Lanka

in 2012?

Why

did Cameroon, Nigeria, Uruguay who voted favorably for Sri Lanka in 2009 vote

against Sri Lanka in 2012?

Why did Ivory Coast, Estonia, Ireland, Montenegro & Sierra Leone vote

against Sri Lanka in 2013 & 2014?

Why

did Brazil that voted in favor of Sri Lanka in 2009 vote against Sri Lanka in

2013, 2014?

Why did Argentina that abstained from voting in favor of Sri Lanka in

2009 vote against Sri Lanka in 2013 & 2014?

Why did Korea that abstained in 2009 vote against Sri Lanka in 2013?

Why did Poland, Moldova, Spain vote against Sri Lanka in 2012 & 2013?

Why

did Botswana that abstained in 2012 & 2013 vote against Sri Lanka in 2014?

Why

did Macedonia vote against Sri Lanka in 2014?

Why did Ethiopia abstain from voting in 2013 & 2014?

Why did Gabon abstain from voting in 2009 and 2014?

Why

has Japan abstained from voting in 2009, 2013 & 2014?

Why did Kazakhstan abstain from voting in

2013 & 2014?

Why did Kyrgyzstan abstain from voting in 2012?

Why did Morocco, Namibia abstain from voting in 2014?

Why did Ukraine abstain from voting in 2009?

What can we make out of these voting

patterns?

1. The 25 countries on this list

that have voted favorably on behalf of Sri Lanka in an international arena must

be applauded & appreciated. They must always have a special place for their

support. Special mention must be made of China, Russia, & Pakistan who have

given eloquent speeches on behalf of Sri Lanka.

2. Countries that have voted

against Sri Lanka – Italy & Chile

(vote against SL in all 4 Resolutions), Austria, Belgium, Benin, Bosnia, Canada,

Chile, Costa Rica, Czech Republic, Estonia, France, Germany, Guatemala, Hungary, Ivory Coast, Ireland, Libya,

Macedonia, Montenegro, Mexico, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway, Peru, Poland, Romania, Spain, Sierra Leone,

Switzerland, Slovakia, Slovenia,

UK, US

3. Countries that have voted

favorably for Sri Lanka in 2009 but voted against Sri Lanka – Cameroon, Nigeria, Uruguay, Brazil (why did

Sri Lanka lose their vote?)

4. Countries that have voted

favourably for Sri Lanka in 2009 but abstained voting – India voted favorably

in 2009, voted against Sri Lanka in 2012 & 2013 & abstained in 2014 (What prompted India to change?

5. Countries that have abstained

voting in 2009 but voted against Sri Lanka – Mauritius, Argentina, Korea,

Botswana (why did these countries make a drastic decision?)

6. Countries that voted against Sri

Lanka but have changed stand in final 2014 Resolution – Kuwait (has Sri Lanka only won over 1 country?)

7. Countries that have abstained

from voting – Ethiopia, Gabon, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan,

Morocco, Namibia, Ukraine & Japan (why can’t Sri Lanka convert these countries

– it is very strange to note Japan’s stand)

34 countries have been voting

against Sri Lanka while 25 countries have voted favorably for Sri Lanka. Some

countries that abstained initially went on to either vote against Sri Lanka or

vote in favor of Sri Lanka.

How many of these countries know

the exact background to Sri Lanka’s conflict. Has the Foreign Ministry and

diplomatic corps briefed their counterparts and appraised them of what Sri

Lanka endured for 30 years and how Sri Lanka took the decision to defeat LTTE

and how Sri Lanka carried out a military-cum-humanitarian rescue operation. Did

Sri Lanka’s diplomats explain and give opportunity for these countries to ask

their questions and relieve their doubts. Or is the UNHRC voting system some

kind of rigged voting where powerful countries decide to draft resolutions and

then call their satellite states and demand they get their representatives to

vote against targeted countries. Is this how UNHRC voting takes place?

As far as we know Sri Lanka suffered 30 years of gruesome terror – doesn’t the victims of LTTE terror deserve some peace and relief from the mayhem and killings suffered as a result of LTTE killings? Why is the world asking questions on how LTTE was defeated when for 30 years the world did not bother about how LTTE was killing innocent people.

Shenali D Waduge

last updated: 2020-01-03@11:01